A community-rooted development company transformed a run-down office block into a creative, collaborative, mixed-use hub.
Rock House, a once semi-derelict nine-storey 1960s office block, now provides secure, capped rent homes and workspaces for local people. It is home to ten housing tenants, 44 local businesses ranging from virtual reality to music production, an NHS mental health drop-in service, and a neighbourhood kitchen working with refugees.
The project is run by White Rock Neighbourhood Ventures, a partnership between two socially-driven investor-developers – Meanwhile Space and Jericho Road Solutions – and a long-term owner, Heart of Hastings CLT.
Rock House emerged after ten years of sustained community engagement, in which 400 locals examined the risks posed to Hastings by gentrification. They concluded that something could be done to mitigate this: putting buildings into community ownership and capping the rents forever.
So when Rock House came up for sale in 2014, the two investors leapt at the chance to put these ideas into action. Over four years, space by space, the building was renovated with a mix of grant and loan funding. It is now full of tenants who are part of the development team, shaping the building and the community within it. In 2019 the Rock House team exchanged contracts to purchase the building next door.
Jess Steele, Director at White Rock Neighbourhood Ventures, said: “Rock House is a shining light in a darkness of commodification and exploitation that dominates the built environment of our neighbourhoods. By being successful and sustainable, we are proving that there is a better way to own and manage property – with fair rents and a good dose of ‘dweller control’.”
New rules needed
Policies that can help unleash the potential of this or similar initiatives across the UK.
Expand the community and co-operative banking sector
Stakeholder banks can be mandated to serve the public interest or local communities rather than simply to maximise returns.
Promote community wealth building
Support co-ops to thrive in their localities by anchoring them within place-based industrial and community wealth building strategies.
Create devolved ‘just transition’ funds
Government should devolve a proportion of its Green New Deal budget to support local just transition plans.
Create affordable workspaces
Affordable workspaces are essential to the survival of independent businesses.
Turn RBS into a network of local banks
New banks would be owned in trust for the public benefit and mandated to lend only within their local area.